IoT can be of great benefit for emergency management notification systems (EMNS), giving professionals the opportunity to quickly identify threats. It also allows emergency response teams to use new tools in reaching individuals during an emergency. However, if breached by cybercriminals, these critical systems can be used to cause harm and wreak havoc.
Dellfer for EMNS
Dellfer takes a unique approach to protect IoT devices, such as to help in search and rescues operations, monitor post-disaster conditions and levels of vital resource stockpiles, as well as to disseminate information to the public while normal communications are still being repaired. Conceptually, it is simple. Dellfer essentially takes a fingerprint of the software used to run an IoT device, then sets up detection mechanisms that trigger defenses if any changes appear. For instance, if malware is injected into the software, Dellfer detects it and quarantines it. Or, if the software is altered to behave differently, Dellfer identifies the source of the issue and neutralizes it.
IoT Improves EMNS
According to the United Nations Human Cost of Disasters Report:
“While we can’t do away with disasters, we can improve both our preparedness and our response through IoT-enabled prediction and early warning systems, along with IoT-enabled response systems.”
EMNS and IoT Vulnerabilities
According to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) The Internet of Things: Impact on Public Safety Communications Report:
“The life-and-death costs of remedying security vulnerabilities and connectivity issues while operating in an IoT environment are too high for public safety to remain an observer. Measures must be taken now to ensure that public safety personnel can expeditiously and proficiently use IoT devices to carry out their missions.”
Value of IoT for EMNS
- The growing wave of IoT devices, from smartphones to home security systems, has created an influx of data that can help first responders save lives.
- More than 250 million times a year, Americans call 911 in some of their darkest hours.
- Emergency Communication Centers (ECCs) can only receive reliable location data if the call is from a landline phone—yet 80 percent of 911 calls come from mobile phones.
- According to the FCC, more than 10,000 lives could be saved annually if we could more accurately locate people in an emergency.